RNY patients after gastric bypass surgery have lower brain-hedonic responses to food than after gastric banding
RNY patients lose more than gastric band patients, and this study hypothesizes that RNY patients "think" differently about food.
As a ten-year RNY patient - I scream - AYE! FOR THE LOVE OF DOG DO NOT FEED ME ICE CREAM!
It's called DUMPING SYNDROME, our brains learn to connect certain foods to the reactions they might or will cause, which is a learned behavior, and our brains react, which can be SEEN on an MRI machine. Twitch. Twitch. (And, no, many people never ever learn.)
Objectives Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has greater efficacy for weight loss in obese patients than gastric banding (BAND) surgery. We hypothesise that this may result from different effects on food hedonics via physiological changes secondary to distinct gut anatomy manipulations.
Design We used functional MRI, eating behaviour and hormonal phenotyping to compare body mass index (BMI)-matched unoperated controls and patients after RYGB and BAND surgery for obesity.
Results Obese patients after RYGB had lower brain-hedonic responses to food than patients after BAND surgery. RYGB patients had lower activation than BAND patients in brain reward systems, particularly to high-calorie foods, including the orbitofrontal cortex, amygdala, caudate nucleus, nucleus accumbens and hippocampus. This was associated with lower palatability and appeal of high-calorie foods and healthier eating behaviour, including less fat intake, in RYGB compared with BAND patients and/or BMI-matched unoperated controls. These differences were not explicable by differences in hunger or psychological traits between the surgical groups, but anorexigenic plasma gut hormones (GLP-1 and PYY), plasma bile acids and symptoms of dumping syndrome were increased in RYGB patients.
Conclusions The identification of these differences in food hedonic responses as a result of altered gut anatomy/physiology provides a novel explanation for the more favourable long-term weight loss seen after RYGB than after BAND surgery, highlighting the importance of the gutâbrain axis in the control of reward-based eating behaviour.